Honda CR-V: Piston Ring Replacement

1. Remove the piston from the engine block.

2. Using a ring expander (A), remove the old piston rings (B).

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

3. Clean all ring grooves thoroughly with a squared-off broken ring or ring groove cleaner with a blade to fit the piston grooves.

The top and 2nd ring grooves are 1.2 mm (0.05 in.) wide. The oil ring groove is 2.0 mm (0.08 in.) wide.

File down a blade if necessary.

Do not use a wire brush to clean the ring grooves, or cut the ring grooves deeper with the cleaning tools.

NOTE: If the piston is to be separated from the connecting rod, do not install new rings yet.

4. Using a piston that has its rings removed, push a new ring (A) into the cylinder bore 15-20 mm (0.6-0.8 in.) from the bottom.

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

5. Measure the piston ring end-gap (B) with a feeler gauge:

Piston Ring End-Gap

Top Ring:

Standard (New): 0.20-0.35 mm (0.008-0.014 in.)
Service Limit: 0.60 mm (0.024 in.)

Second Ring:

Standard (New): 0.40-0.55 mm (0.016-0.022 in.)
Service Limit: 0.70 mm (0.028 in.)

Oil Ring:

Standard (New): 0.25-0.65 mm (0.010-0.026 in.)
Service Limit: 0.75 mm (0.030 in.)

6. Install the top ring and the second ring as shown.

The top ring (A) has a 1 R mark, and the second ring (B) has a 2R mark. The manufacturing marks (C) must be facing upward.

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

Piston Ring Dimensions

Top Ring (Standard):

  1. 3.1 mm (0.12 in.)
  2. 1.2 mm (0.05 in.)

Top Ring (Standard):

  1. 3.1 mm (0.12 in.)
  2. 1.2 mm (0.05 in.)

7. Rotate the rings in their grooves to make sure they do not bind.

8. Position the ring end gaps as shown:

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

9. After installing a new set of rings, measure the ring-to-groove clearances:

Top Ring Clearance

Standard (New): 0.035-0.060 mm (0.0014-0.0024 in.)
Service Limit: 0.13 mm (0.005 in.)

Second Ring Clearance

Standard (New): 0.030-0.055 mm (0.0012-0.0022 in.)
Service Limit: 0.13 mm (0.005 in.)

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

Piston Installation

If the Crankshaft is Already Installed

1. Set the crankshaft to bottom dead center (BDC) for each cylinder as its piston is installed.

2. Remove the connecting rod caps, then install the ring compressor. Check that the bearing is securely in place.

3. Apply new engine oil to the piston, inside of the ring compressor, and the cylinder bore, then attach the ring compressor to the piston/connecting rod assembly.

4. Position the mark (A) to face the cam chain side of the engine.

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

5. Position the piston in the cylinder, and tap it in using the wooden handle of a hammer (A).

Push down on the ring compressor (B) to prevent the rings from expanding before entering the cylinder bore.

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

6. Stop after the ring compressor pops free, and check the connecting rod-to-crank journal alignment before pushing the piston into place.

7. Check the connecting rod bearing clearance with plastigage.

8. Inspect the connecting rod bolts.

9. Install the rod caps with bearings. Torque the bolts to 20 N*m (2.0 kgf*m, 14Ibf*ft).

10. Tighten the connecting rod bolts an additional 90 º.

NOTE: Remove the connecting rod bolt if you tightened it beyond the specified angle, and go back to step 8 of the procedure. Do not loosen it back to the specified angle.

If the Crankshaft is Not Installed

1. Remove the connecting rod caps, then install the ring compressor, and check that the bearing is securely in place.

2. Apply new engine oil to the piston, inside of the ring compressor, and the cylinder bore, then attach the ring compressor to the piston/connecting rod assembly.

3. Position the mark (A) to face the cam chain side of the engine.

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

4. Position the piston in the cylinder, and tap it in' using the wooden handle of a hammer (A).

Push down on the ring compressor (B) to prevent the rings from expanding before entering the cylinder bore.

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

5. Position all pistons at top dead center (TDC).

Connecting Rod Bolt Inspection

1. Measure the diameter of each connecting rod bolt at point A and point B.

Honda CR-V. Engine Block

2. Calculate the difference in diameter between point A and point B.

Point A-Point B = Difference in Diameter

Difference in Diameter
Specification: 0-0.1 mm (0-0.004 in.)

3. If the difference in diameter is out of specification, replace the connecting rod bolt.

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