Honda CR-V: System Description

VSA Modulator-control Unit Inputs and Outputs for 46P Connector

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

System Outline

This system is composed of the VSA modulator-control unit, the wheel sensors, the steering angle sensor, and the yaw rate-lateral acceleration sensor, and the system indicators in the gauge control module. The VSA modulator-control unit controls the ABS, EBD, TCS, VSA, and brake assist with the brake pressure of each wheel and the engine torque.

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

ABS Features

Anti-lock control

Without ABS, when the brake pedal is pressed while driving, the wheels sometimes lock before the vehicle comes to a stop. In such an event, the maneuverability of the vehicle is reduced if the front wheels are locked, and the stability of the vehicle is reduced if the rear wheels are locked, creating an extremely unstable condition. With ABS, the system precisely controls the slip rate of the wheels to ensure maximum grip force from the tires, and it thereby ensures maneuverability and stability of the vehicle. The ABS calculates the slip rate of the wheels based on the four wheel speeds, then it controls the brake fluid pressure to reach the target slip rate.

Grip force of tire and road surface

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Main control

The control unit detects the wheel speed based on the wheel sensor signals it received, then it calculates the vehicle speed based on the detected wheel speed. The control unit detects the vehicle speed during deceleration based on the rate of deceleration.

The control unit calculates the slip rate of each wheel, and transmits the control signal to the modulator unit solenoid valve when the slip rate is high.

The hydraulic control has three modes: Pressure intensifying, pressure reducing, and pressure retaining.

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

EBD Features

The electronic brake distribution (EBD) feature helps control vehicle braking by adjusting the rear brake force in accordance with the rear wheel load before the ABS operates. Based on the wheel sensor signals, the control unit uses the modulator to control the rear brakes individually. When the rear wheel speed is less than the front wheel speed, the VSA modulator-control unit retains the current rear brake fluid pressure by closing the inlet valve in the modulator.

As the rear wheel speed increases and approaches the front wheel speed, the VSA modulator-control unit increases the rear brake fluid pressure by momentarily opening the inlet valve. This whole process is repeated very rapidly.

While this is happening, kickback may be felt at the brake pedal.

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

TCS Features

When a drive wheel loses traction on a slippery road surface and starts to spin, the VSA modulator-control unit applies brake pressure to the spinning wheel and sends engine torque control request to the PCM to slow the spinning wheel and keep traction.

2WD

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

4WD

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

VSA System Features

Oversteer control

Applies the brake to the front and rear outside wheels

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Understeer control

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Brake Assist Features

Brake assist helps ensure that any driver can achieve the full braking potential of the vehicle by increasing brake system pressure in a panic situation, bringing the vehicle into a full ABS stop.

Each time the ignition switch is turned ON (II), the VSA modulator-control unit learns the current driver's normal braking characteristics by monitoring the brake pressure sensor and the brake pedal position switch at each stop.

Using these inputs and their values, the VSA modulator-control unit is able to learn the driver's normal braking habits, and then determine the difference between a normal stop and a panic stop for the individual driver of the vehicle. If during a panic stop the VSA modulator-control unit determines that the brake system pressure increases above a learned threshold in less than a learned amount of time, the VSA modulator-control unit engages brake assist.

Because the brake system pressure crossed the threshold before the time threshold had expired, the VSA modulator-control unit goes into brake assist mode.

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Modulator Unit

The modulator unit consists of the inlet solenoid valve, the outlet solenoid valve, the VSA NO (normally open) solenoid valve, the VSA A/C (normally closed) solenoid valve, the reservoir, the pump, the pump motor, and the damping chamber.

The hydraulic control has three modes at ASS action; pressure intensifying, pressure retaining, and pressure reducing.

And pressure adding mode is combined at TCS, VSA, and brake assist action.

The hydraulic circuit is an independent four channel type; one channel for each wheel.

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

*: The motor Will keep running until the operation of the one anti-lock brake control IS finished with the first pressure reducing mode.

Circuit Diagram

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

Honda CR-V. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) System Components

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