Honda CR-V: System Description

Electronic Control System

The functions of the fuel and emission control systems are managed by the powertrain control module (PCM).

Self-diagnosis

The PCM detects a failure of a signal from a sensor or from another control unit and stores a Temporary DTC or a DTC.

Depending on the failure, a DTC is stored in either the first or the second drive cycle. When a DTC is stored, the PCM turns on the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) by a signal sent to the gauge via F-CAN.

Fail-safe Function

When an abnormality occurs in the signal from a sensor or from another control unit, the PCM ignores that signal and substitute a pre-programmed value for them that allows the engine to continue running. This causes a DTC to be stored and the MIL to come on.

MIL Bulb Check and Readiness Code Condition

When the ignition switch is turned ON (II), the PCM turns on the MIL via the F-CAN circuit for about 15 to 20 seconds to check the bulb condition. If any readiness codes are not set to complete, the MIL flashes five times. If all readiness codes are set to complete, the MIL goes off.

Self Shut Down (SSD) Mode

After the ignition switch is turned OFF, the PCM stays on (up to 15 minutes). If the PCM connector is disconnected during this time, the PCM may be damaged. To cancel this mode, disconnect the negative cable from the battery or jump the SCS line with the HDS after the ignition switch is turned OFF.

PCM Electrical Connections

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Vacuum Hose Routing

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Vacuum Distribution

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

  1. AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR (SENSOR 1)
  2. SECONDARY HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR (SECONDARY HO2S) (SENSOR 2)
  3. MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (MAP) SENSOR
  4. ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE (ECT) SENSOR 1
  5. MASS AIR FLOW (MAF) SENSOR and INTAKE AIR TEMPERATURE (IAT) SENSOR
  6. CRANKSHAFT POSITION (CKP) SENSOR
  7. KNOCK SENSOR
  8. CAMSHAFT POSITION (CMP) SENSOR B
  9. CAMSHAFT POSITION (CMP) SENSOR A
  10. THROTTLE BODY
  11. INJECTOR
  12. FUEL PRESSURE REGULATOR
  13. FUEL FILTER
  14. FUEL PUMP
  15. FUEL TANK
  16. AIR CLEANER
  17. RESONATOR
  18. EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION (EGR) VALVE and POSITION SENSOR
  19. POSITIVE CRANKCASE VENTILATION (PCV) VALVE
  20. THREE WAY CATALYTIC CONVERTER
  21. EVAPORATIVE EMISSION (EVAP) CANISTER PURGE VALVE
  22. EVAPORATIVE EMISSION (EVAP) CANISTER
  23. EVAPORATIVE EMISSION (EVAP) CANISTER VENT SHUT VALVE
  24. FUEL TANK PRESSURE (FTP) SENSOR
  25. FUEL TANK VAPOR CONTROL VALVE
  26. INTAKE AIR BYPASS CONTROL THERMAL VALVE

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector A () (44P)

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 V.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector A () (44P)

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 v.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector A () (44P)

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 V.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector B () (44P)

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 V.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector B () (44P)

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 V.

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector B () (44P)

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 V.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector C () (44P)

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 V.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Inputs and Outputs at Connector C () (44P)

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

NOTE: Standard battery voltage is about 12 v.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PGM-FI System

The programmed fuel injection (PGM-FI) system is a sequential multiport fuel injection system.

Air Conditioning (A/C) Compressor Clutch Relay

When the PCM receives a demand for cooling from the A/C system, it delays the compressor from being energized, and enriches the mixture to assure smooth transition to the A/C mode.

Air Fuel Ratio (A/F) Sensor

The A/F sensor operates over a wide air/fuel range. The A/F sensor is installed upstream of the TWC, and sends signals to the PCM which varies the duration of fuel injection accordingly.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Barometric Pressure (BARD) Sensor

The BARO sensor is inside the PCM. It converts atmospheric pressure into a voltage signal that modifies the basic duration of the fuel injection discharge.

Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor B

CMP sensor B detects the position of the No.1 cylinder as a reference for sequential fuel injection to each cylinder.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Crankshaft Position (CKP) Sensor

The CKP sensor detects crankshaft speed and is used by the PCM to determine ignition timing and timing for fuel injection of each cylinder as well as detecting engine misfire.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensors 1 and 2

ECT sensors 1 and 2 are temperature dependent resistors (thermistors). The resistance decreases as the engine coolant temperature increases.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

*: This illustration shows ECT sensor 1.

Ignition Timing Control

The PCM contains the memory for basic ignition timing at various engine speeds and manifold absolute pressures. It also adjusts the timing according to engine coolant temperature and intake air temperature.

Injector Timing and Duration

The PCM contains the memory for basic discharge duration at various engine speeds and manifold pressures. The basic discharge duration, after being read out from the memory, is further modified by signals sent from various sensors to obtain the final discharge duration.

By monitoring long term fuel trim, the PCM detects long term malfunctions in the fuel system and sets a diagnostic trouble code (DTC).

Knock Sensor

The knock control system adjusts the ignition timing to minimize knock.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor

The MAP sensor converts manifold absolute pressures into electrical signals to the PCM.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Indication (In relation to Readiness Codes)

The vehicle has certain "readiness codes" that are part of the on-board diagnostics for the emissions systems.

If the vehicle's battery has been disconnected or gone dead, if the DTCs have been cleared, or if the PCM has been reset, these codes are reset. In some states, part of the emissions testing is to make sure these codes are set to complete. If all of them are not set to complete, the vehicle may fail the test, or the test cannot be finished.

To check if the readiness codes are set to complete, turn the ignition switch ON (II), but do not start the engine. The MIL will come on for 15-20 seconds. If it then goes off, the readiness codes are complete. If it flashes five times, one or more readiness codes are not complete. To set each code, drive the vehicle or run the engine as described in the procedures.

Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor/Intake Air Temperature (IAT) Sensor

The mass air flow (MAF) sensor/intake air temperature (IAT) sensor contains a hot wire and a thermistor. It is located in the intake air passage. The resistance of the hot wire and thermistor changes due to intake air temperature and airflow. The control circuit in the MAF sensor controls the current to keep the hot wire at a set temperature. The current is converted to voltage in the control circuit, then output to the PCM.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Output Shaft (Counters haft) Speed Sensor

This sensor detects countershaft speed.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Secondary Heated Oxygen Sensor (Secondary HO2S)

The secondary HO2S detects the oxygen content in the exhaust gas downstream of the three way catalytic converter (TWC), and sends signals to the PCM which varies the duration of fuel injection accordingly. To stabilize its output, the sensor has an internal heater.

The PCM compares the HO2S output with the A/F sensor output to determine catalyst efficiency. The secondary HO2S is located on the TWC.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Electronic Throttle Control System

The throttle is electronically controlled by the electronic throttle control system. Refer to the system diagram to see a functional layout of the system.

Idle control: When the engine is idling, the PCM controls the throttle actuator to maintain the proper idle speed according to engine loads.

Acceleration control: When the accelerator pedal is pressed, the PCM opens the throttle valve depending on the accelerator pedal position (APP) sensor signal.

Cruise control: The PCM controls the throttle actuator to maintain set speed when the cruise control is operating.

The throttle actuator takes the place of the cruise control actuator.

Accelerator Pedal Position (APP) Sensor

As the accelerator pedal position changes, the sensor varies the signal voltage to the PCM.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Throttle Body

The throttle body is a single-barrel side draft type. The lower portion of the throttle valve is heated by engine coolant from the cylinder head to prevent icing of the throttle plate.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Idle Control System

When the engine is cold, the A/C compressor is on, the transmission is in gear, the brake pedal is' pressed, the power steering load is high, or the alternator is charging, the PCM controls current to the throttle actuator to maintain the correct idle speed.

Brake Pedal Position Switch

The brake pedal position switch signals the PCM when the brake pedal is pressed.

Power Steering Pressure (PSP) Switch

The PSP switch signals the PCM when the power steering load is high.

Fuel Supply System

Fuel Cutoff Control

During deceleration with the throttle valve closed, current to the injectors is cut off to improve fuel economy at engine speeds over 850 rpm. Fuel cutoff also occurs when the engine speed exceeds 6,700 rpm, regardless of the position of the throttle valve, to protect the engine from over-revving. When the vehicle is stopped, the PCM cuts the fuel at engine speeds over 5,000 rpm. The engine speed of fuel cut is lower on a cold engine.

Fuel Pump Control

When the ignition is turned on, the PCM grounds PGM-FI main relay 2 (FUEL PUMP) which feeds current to the fuel pump for 2 seconds to pressurize the fuel system. With the engine running, the PCM grounds PGM-FI main relay 2 (FUEL PUMP) and feeds current to the fuel pump. When the engine is not running and the ignition is on, the PCM cuts ground to PGM-FI main relay 2 (FUEL PUMP) which cuts current to the fuel pump.

PGM-FI Main Relay 1 and 2

PGM-FI main relay 1 is energized whenever the ignition switch is ON (II) to supply battery voltage to the PCM, power to the injectors, and power for PGM-FI main relay 2 (FUEL PUMP). PGM-FI main relay 2 (FUEL PUMP) is energized to supply power to the fuel pump for 2 seconds when the ignition switch is turned ON (II), and when the engine is cranking or running.

VTEC/VTC

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

VTC System

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

VTEC System

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

VTEC/VTC

System Diagram

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor A

CMP sensor A detects camshaft angle position for the VTC system.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Intake Air System

This system supplies air for engine needs.

Intake Air Bypass Control Thermal Valve

When the engine is cold, the intake air bypass control thermal valve sends air to the injector.

The amount of air is regulated by engine coolant temperature. Once the engine is hot, the intake air bypass control thermal valve closes, stopping air to the injector.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Catalytic Converter System

Three Way Catalytic Converter (TWC)

The TWC converts hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) in the exhaust gas to carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2), and water vapor.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) System

The PCV valve prevents blow-by gasses from escaping into the atmosphere by venting them into the intake manifold.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System

Refer to the system diagram to see a functional layout of the system.

EGR Valve

The EGR valve lowers peak combustion temperatures and reduces oxides of nitrogen emissions (NOx) by recirculating exhaust gas through the intake manifold and into the combustion chambers.

Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Control System

Refer to the system diagram to see a functional layout of the system.

EVAP Canister

The EVAP canister temporarily stores fuel vapor from the fuel tank until it can be purged back into the engine and burned.

EVAP Canister Purge Valve

When the engine coolant temperature is below 140 ºF (60 ºC), the PCM turns off the EVAP canister purge valve which cuts vacuum to the EVAP canister.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Fuel Tank Pressure (FTP) Sensor

The FTP sensor converts fuel tank absolute pressure into an electrical input to the PCM during the EVAP leak check.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

EVAP Canister Vent Shut Valve

The EVAP canister vent shut valve is on the EVAP canister.

The EVAP canister vent shut valve controls the venting of the EVAP canister.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Fuel Cap Warning Message

The PCM will detect a loose or missing fuel fill cap as an evaporative system leak and alerts the driver by showing a warning message in the gauge display.

First drive cycle

The first time a leak is detected a "CHECK FUEL CAP" message in the gauge display (A). To scroll to another message, press the select/reset button. The "CHECK FUEL CAP" message will appear each time you restart the engine until the system turns the message off. Turn the engine off then replace or tighten the fuel fill cap until it clicks at least once. The message should go off after several days of normal driving after the fuel fill cap has been tightened or replaced.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

To make the message go off (With the HDS)

Procedure

1. Tighten the fuel fill cap until it clicks.

2. Clear the Temporary DTC with the HDS.

3. Verify there is no leak by doing the EVAP FUNCTION TEST in the INSPECTION MENU with the HDS.

To make the message go off (Without the HDS)

Procedure

1. Tighten the fuel fill cap until it clicks.

2. The message should go off after several days of normal driving.

Electronic Throttle Control System Diagram

The electronic throttle control system consists of the throttle actuator, throttle position (TP) sensor A/B, accelerator , pedal position (APP) sensor A/B, electronic throttle control system (ETCS) control relay, and the PCM.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Diagram

The EGR system reduces oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions by recirculating exhaust gas through the EGR valve and the intake manifold into the combustion chambers. The PCM memory includes the ideal EGR valve position for varying operating conditions.

The EGR valve position sensor detects the amount of EGR valve lift and sends it to the PCM. The PCM then compares it with the ideal lift in its memory (based on signals sent from other sensors). If there is any difference between the two, the PCM cuts current to the EGR valve.

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Control Diagram

The EVAP controls minimize the amount of fuel vapor escaping to the atmosphere. Vapor from the fuel tank is temporarily stored in the EVAP canister until it can be purged from the canister into the engine and burned.

The EVAP canister is purged by drawing fresh air through it and into a port on the intake manifold.

The purging vacuum is controlled by the EVAP canister purge valve, which operates whenever engine coolant temperature is above 140 ºF(60 ºC).

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Circuit Diagram

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Circuit Diagram

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Circuit Diagram

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Circuit Diagram

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Circuit Diagram

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

PCM Circuit Diagram

Honda CR-V. Fuel and Emissions Systems

READ NEXT:

 How to Set Readiness Codes

Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Indication (In relation to Readiness Codes) The vehicle has certain "readiness codes" that are part of the on-board diagnostics for the emissions systems. If the vehi

 PGM-FI System

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 DTC Troubleshooting

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 Remote Audio Controls

If equipped Three controls for the audio system are mounted in the steering wheel hub. These let you control basic functions without removing your hand from the wheel. The VOL button adjusts the volume up ( ) or down ( ). Press the top or bottom of the button and hold it until

 Spotlights

The spotlights have a two-position switch. In the DOOR position, the lights come on when you open any door. In the OFF position, the lights do not come on. The spotlights (with the switch in the DOOR position) also come on when you unlock the door with the key or the remote transm

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