Honda CR-V: Steering Gearbox Overhaul

Exploded View

Honda CR-V. Steering

Special Tools Required

NOTE: Refer to the Exploded View as needed during this procedure.

Removal

1. Remove the steering gearbox.

Disassembly

2. Remove the boot bands (A) and tie-rod clips (B).

Pull the boot away from the ends of the steering gearbox.

Honda CR-V. Steering

3. Unbend the lock washers (A).

Honda CR-V. Steering

4. Hold the flat surface sections (A) of the steering rack (B) with a wrench, and unscrew both rack ends (C) with another wrench. Be careful not to damage the rack surface with the wrench.

Honda CR-V. Steering

5. Remove the lock washer (D) and rubber stop (E).

6. Loosen the locknut (A), then remove the rack guide screw (B).

Honda CR-V. Steering

7. Remove the spring (C), disc washer (D), and the rack guide (E) from the gearbox housing.

8. Remove the cylinder lines (A) and return line joint (B) from the steering gearbox.

Honda CR-V. Steering

9. Drain the fluid from the cylinder fittings by slowly moving the steering rack back and forth.

10. Remove the two flange bolts, then remove the valve body unit (A) from the steering gearbox (B). Remove the O-ring (C).

Honda CR-V. Steering

11. Drill a 3 mm (0.12 in.) diameter hole about 2.5-3.0 mm (0.10-0.12 in.) in depth in the staked point (A) on the cylinder. Do not allow metal shavings to enter the cylinder side on the gearbox housing. After removing the cylinder end (B), remove any burrs at the staked point.

Honda CR-V. Steering

12. Hold the gearbox housing using a C-clamp (commercially available) (A) and the wooden blocks (B) as shown. Do not clamp the cylinder part of the gearbox housing in the vise. Then remove the cylinder end (C).

Honda CR-V. Steering

13. Install a commercially available bearing separator (A) on the gearbox housing as shown.

Honda CR-V. Steering

14. Place an appropriate size deep socket wrench (B) on the steering rack (C).

15. Set the steering gearbox in a press so the gearbox housing side points upward, then press the cylinder end seal (D) and steering rack out of the steering gearbox. Hold the steering rack to keep it from falling when pressed clear. Be careful not to damage the inner surface of the cylinder side on the gearbox housing with the tool.

16. Carefully pry the piston seal ring (A) and O-ring (B) off the rack piston. Be careful not to damage the inside of the seal ring groove and piston edges when removing the seal ring.

Honda CR-V. Steering

17. Turn the cylinder end seal remover attachment so it will fit through the rack guide hole of the steering gearbox, then position the seal remover on the cylinder end seal (A). Make sure that the seal remover is securely positioned on the seal edges.

Honda CR-V. Steering

18. Insert a 24" long 3/8" drive extension (A), on the cylinder end seal remover attachment. Place the steering gearbox in a press, then remove the cylinder end seal (B) from the steering gearbox by pressing on the 24" long 3/8 " drive extension.

Note these items when pressing the cylinder end seal:

Honda CR-V. Steering

19. Before removing the valve housing (A), apply vinyl tape (B) to the splines on the pinion shaft.

Honda CR-V. Steering

20. Separate the valve housing from the pinion shaft/ valve using a press.

21. With your finger, check the inner wall of the valve housing where the seal ring slides. If there is a step in the wall, the housing is worn. Replace it.

NOTE: There may be sliding marks from the seal ring on the wall of the valve housing. Replace the valve housing only if the wall is stepped.

Honda CR-V. Steering

22. Check for wear, burrs, and other damage to the edges of the grooves in the sleeve.

NOTE: The pinion shaft and sleeve are a precision matched set. If either the pinion shaft or sleeve must be replaced, replace both parts as a set.

Honda CR-V. Steering

23. Remove the snap ring (A) and sleeve (B) from the pinion shaft.

Honda CR-V. Steering

24. Using a cutter or an equivalent tool, cut and remove the four seal rings from the sleeve. Be careful not to damage the edges of the sleeve grooves and outer surface when removing the seal rings.

Honda CR-V. Steering

25. Using a cutter or an equivalent tool, cut the valve seal ring (A) and O-ring (B) at the cutting groove position (C) in the pinion shaft. Remove the valve seal ring and O-ring. Be careful not to damage the edges of the pinion shaft groove and outer surface when removing the valve seal ring and O-ring.

Honda CR-V. Steering

26. Remove the valve oil seal (A) and wave washer (B) from the pinion shaft.

Note these items during disassembly:

Honda CR-V. Steering

27. Remove the valve oil seal (A) and roller bearing (B) out of the valve housing using a hydraulic press and an appropriate size socket wrench.

Honda CR-V. Steering

28. Clean the disassembled parts with solvent, and dry them with compressed air. Do not dip rubber parts in the solvent.

Reassembly

29. Apply vinyl tape (A) to the stepped portion of the pinion shaft, and coat the surface of the vinyl tape with power steering fluid.

Honda CR-V. Steering

30. Install the wave washer (B).

31. Coat the inside surface of the new valve oil seal (C) with power steering fluid, and install the seal with its grooved side facing opposite the bearing, then slide it over the pinion shaft, being careful not to damage its sealing lip (D).

32. Apply vinyl tape (A) to the splines and stepped portion of the shaft, and coat the surface of the vinyl tape with power steering fluid.

Honda CR-V. Steering

33. Fit the new O-ring (B) in the groove of the pinion shaft. Then slide the new valve seal ring (C) over the shaft and in the groove on the pinion shaft.

34. Remove the tape, and apply power steering fluid to the surface of the valve seal ring (A).

Honda CR-V. Steering

35. Apply power steering fluid to the inside of the valve seal ring sizing tool. Set the larger diameter end of the sizing tool over the valve seal ring, and move the sizing tool up and down several times to make the valve seal ring fit in the pinion shaft groove.

36. Remove the sizing tool, turn it over, slide the smaller diameter end over the valve seal ring.

Move it up and down several times to make the valve seal ring fits snugly in the pinion shaft groove.

37. Apply power steering fluid to the surface of the sleeve seal ring guide. Slip two new seal rings (A) over the ring guide from the smaller diameter end, and expand them. Install only two rings at a time from each end of the pinion shaft sleeve (B).

Note these items when installing the seal ring:

Honda CR-V. Steering

38. Align the ring guide with each groove in the sleeve, and slide a sleeve seal ring into each groove. After installation, compress the seal rings with your fingers temporarily.

39. Apply power steering fluid to the seal rings on the sleeve, and to the entire inside surface of the sleeve seal ring sizing tool, then slowly insert the sleeve into the sizing tool.

Honda CR-V. Steering

40. Move the sleeve back and forth several times to make the seal rings fit snugly in the sleeve. Make sure the seal rings are not twisted.

41. Apply power steering fluid to the surface of the pinion shaft (A). Slide the sleeve (B) onto the pinion shaft by aligning the locating pin (C) on the inside of the sleeve with the cutout (D) in the shaft. Then install the new snap ring (E) securely in the pinion shaft groove. Be careful not to damage the valve seal ring when inserting the sleeve

Honda CR-V. Steering

42. Apply power steering fluid to the seal ring lip of the new valve oil seal (A), then install the seal in the valve housing (B) using a hydraulic press and driver. Install the seal with its grooved side facing the tool.

Honda CR-V. Steering

43. Press the roller bearing (C) into the valve housing with a hydraulic press and attachment.

44. Apply vinyl tape (A) to the pinion shaft, then coat the vinyl tape with power steering fluid.

Honda CR-V. Steering

45. Insert the pinion shaft into the valve housing (B). Be careful not to damage the valve seal rings (C).

46. Remove the vinyl tape from the pinion shaft, then remove any residue from the tape adhesive.

47. Press the pinion shaft/sleeve into the valve housing with a hydraulic press. Check that the pinion shaft! sleeve turns smoothly by hand after installing it.

Honda CR-V. Steering

48. Coat the piston seal ring guide with power steering fluid, then slide it onto the rack, big end first.

49. Position the new O-ring (A) and new piston seal ring (B) on the ring guide, then slide them down toward the big end of the tool.

Note these items during reassembly:

Honda CR-V. Steering

50. Pull the O-ring off into the piston groove, then pull the piston seal ring off into the piston groove on top of the O-ring.

51. Coat the piston seal ring (A) and the inside of the piston seal ring sizing tool with power steering flu id.

then carefully slide the tool onto the rack and over the piston seal ring.

Honda CR-V. Steering

52. Move the sizing tool back and forth several times to make the piston seal ring f it snugly in the piston.

53. Coat the sliding surface of the cylinder end seal slider (A) and new cylinder end seal (B) with power steering fluid. Place the seal on the seal slider with its grooved side (C) facing opposite the seal slider.

Honda CR-V. Steering

54. Coat the surface of the steering rack (A) with power steering fluid.

Honda CR-V. Steering

55. Install the cylinder end seal (B) onto the steering rack with its grooved side (C) toward the piston (D).

56. Separate the cylinder end seal from the cylinder end seal slider. then remove the seal slider.

57. Install the new backup ring (A) on the steering rack, then place the backup ring and cylinder end seal (B) against the piston (C).

Honda CR-V. Steering

58. Apply steering grease to the steering rack teeth, then insert the steering rack into the gearbox housing. Be careful not to damage the inner surface of the cylinder wall with the rack edges.

Honda CR-V. Steering

59. Insert an appropriate size socket wrench (A) onto the steering rack as shown.

Honda CR-V. Steering

60. Install the cylinder end seal (B) into the bottom of the cylinder by pressing on the tool with a press.

Do not push on the tool with excessive force as it may damage the cylinder end seal.

61. Remove the tool, and center the steering rack.

62. Coat the sliding surface of the cylinder end seal slider (A) and new cylinder end seal (B) with power steering fluid. Place the seal on the seal slider with its grooved side (C) facing opposite the seal slider.

Honda CR-V. Steering

63. Coat the inside surface of the cylinder end seal slider and steering rack with power steering fluid, then install the cylinder end seal (A) onto the steering rack with its grooved side toward the cylinder.

Honda CR-V. Steering

64. Separate the cylinder end seal from the seal slider, then remove the seal slider.

65. Push in the cylinder end seal with your finger, Be careful not to damage the face of the seal with the threads and burrs at the staked position of the cylinder housing.

66. Hold the gearbox housing using a C-clamp (commercially available) (A) and the wooden blocks (B). Do not clamp the cylinder part of the gearbox housing in the vise.

Honda CR-V. Steering

67. Coat the inside surface of the cylinder end (A) with power steering fluid, then install the cylinder end by screwing it into the cylinder (B). Tighten the cylinder end to the specified torque.

Honda CR-V. Steering

68. Stake the point of the cylinder shown (opposite from where the stake was removed during disassembly).

69. Coat the new O-ring (A) with steering grease, and carefully fit it on the valve housing.

Honda CR-V. Steering

70. Apply steering grease to the needle bearing (B) in the gearbox housing, then install the valve body unit (C) by engaging the gears. Note the valve body unit installation position (direction of the line connections).

71. Tighten the flange bolts (D) to the specified torque.

72. Install the cylinder lines (A) and return line joint (B).

Note these items during reassembly:

Honda CR-V. Steering

73. Apply steering grease to the sliding surface of the rack guide (A), and install it onto the gearbox housing.

Honda CR-V. Steering

74. Remove the old sealant from the rack guide screw (B), then apply new sealant (Three Bond 1215 or Loctite 5699) to the middle of the threads. Install the disc washer (C) with its convex side facing the rack guide, the spring (D), rack guide screw, and locknut (E).

75. Adjust the rack guide screw. After adjusting, check that the rack moves smoothly by sliding it right and left.

76. Install a new rubber stop (A) and a new lock washer (B). Align the lock washer tabs (C) with the slots (D) on the rack end (E) while holding the lock washer in place. Repeat this step for the other side of the rack.

Honda CR-V. Steering

77. Hold the flat surface sections of the steering rack with a wrench, and tighten both rack ends. Be careful not to damages the rack surface with the wrench.

78. Bend the lock washer (A) back against the flat spots on the rack end joint housing.

Honda CR-V. Steering

79. Apply multipurpose grease to the circumference of the rack end joint housing (A).

Honda CR-V. Steering

80. Apply a light coat of silicone grease (P/N 08798- 9013) to the boot grooves (B) on the rack end.

81. Center the steering rack within its stroke.

82. Clean off any grease or contamination from the boot installation grooves (A) around on the gearbox housing. Install the boots (B) on the rack ends with the tie-rod clips (C), and fit the boot end in the installation grooves in the housing properly.

Honda CR-V. Steering

83. After installing the boots, wipe the grease off the threaded section (D) of the rack end.

84. Install the new boot bands by aligning the tabs (A) with the holes (B) on the band.

Honda CR-V. Steering

85. Close the ear portion (A) of the band (B) with commercially available pincers, Oetiker 1098 or equivalent (C).

Honda CR-V. Steering

86. Slide the rack right and left to be certain that the boots are not deformed or twisted.

87. Reinstall the steering gearbox.

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